Dysthymia is a chronic form of depression that can cause people to lose interest in normal daily activities, have low self-esteem and an overall feeling of inadequacy, feelings of hopelessness, and difficulty with productivity. Given the chronic nature of dysthymia, these feelings can last for years and negatively impact relationships, employment, education, and other daily activities. They might be perceived as gloomy, pessimistic, or a complainer. Article continues below Do you feel depressed?
Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Persistent depressive disorder, also called dysthymia dis-THIE-me-uh , is a continuous long-term chronic form of depression. You may lose interest in normal daily activities, feel hopeless, lack productivity, and have low self-esteem and an overall feeling of inadequacy. These feelings last for years and may significantly interfere with your relationships, school, work and daily activities. If you have persistent depressive disorder, you may find it hard to be upbeat even on happy occasions — you may be described as having a gloomy personality, constantly complaining or incapable of having fun. Though persistent depressive disorder is not as severe as major depression, your current depressed mood may be mild, moderate or severe. Because of the chronic nature of persistent depressive disorder, coping with depression symptoms can be challenging, but a combination of talk therapy psychotherapy and medication can be effective in treating this condition.
Persistent depressive disorder PDD , formerly known as dysthymia , is a mood disorder consisting of the same cognitive and physical problems as depression , with less severe but longer-lasting symptoms. According to the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , published in DSM-IV , dysthymia is a serious state of chronic depression, which persists for at least two years one year for children and adolescents. Dysthymia is less acute and severe than major depressive disorder. As a result, they may believe that depression is a part of their character, so they may not even discuss their symptoms with doctors, family members or friends.