Match , splinter of wood, strip of cardboard, or other suitable flammable material tipped with a substance ignitable by friction. A match consists of three basic parts: a head, which initiates combustion; a tinder substance to pick up and transmit the flame; and a handle. There are two main types of modern friction matches: 1 strike-anywhere matches and 2 safety matches. The head of the strike-anywhere match contains all the chemicals necessary to obtain ignition from frictional heat, while the safety match has a head that ignites at a much higher temperature and must be struck on a specially prepared surface containing ingredients that pass ignition across to the head. The substance commonly used for obtaining combustion at the temperature of frictional heat is a compound of phosphorus. This substance is found in the head of strike-anywhere matches and in the striking surface of safety matches.
Counterfeit ignition strips are smoother, longer, wider and off-centre - Lion Safety Matches
We've all seen those movies where someone lights a match by striking it against the window, or their boot, but if you've tried this yourself, it probably didn't work. That's because most matches today are safety matches. They're made in such as way that they can usually only be ignited when struck on the lighting strip of the match box or book. The flame is caused by the combination of an oxidizer usually potassium chlorate, which is in the match head with a reducer usually red phosphate, found on the lighting strip and the heat of friction caused by striking the match on the box. The matches are safe because the chemicals are kept separate until the match is struck.
Matches have been around for a surprisingly long time. The first sulfur-based matches appeared in the s, and a way to strike them using phosphorous-soaked paper was devised in the s. Modern matches date to , when English chemist John Walker combined chemicals that would ignite when the match was drawn on sandpaper. His matches contained antimony trisulfide, but soon after, this was replaced by phosphorous sulfide. Today, you have your choice of regular or safety matches.
A match is a small stick of wood or strip of cardboard with a solidified mixture of flammable chemicals deposited on one end. When that end is struck on a rough surface, the friction generates enough heat to ignite the chemicals and produce a small flame. Some matches, called strike-anywhere matches, may be ignited by striking them on any rough surface. Other matches, called safety matches, will ignite only when they are struck on a special rough surface containing certain chemicals.